December 9, 2014

Maria del Rosario Betancourt Falcon

One of the many discoveries about the people from the past in Puerto Rico is their perseverance to survive. The ability to validate whether someone existed or not can be very daunting for a genealogist who has to face what these ancestors did to understand what could have happened to the records.

One way of determining this is by visiting the archives in Puerto Rico or gaining access to documents that belong to your ancestors. The largest but not the only archive available on this island is the Archivo General de Puerto Rico in San Juan. The location for this archive is at 500 Ave Juan Ponce De León.  My understanding is that you'll need a sweater due to the AC blasting cold air to help preserve the records and that you can order a maximum of 3 boxes two days in advance before you can view records. Luckily two individuals did the work of combing through all the records found there as well as at the archives in the Municipalities of Trujillo Alto and Trujillo Bajo; so I didn't have to ensure the cold air.

Last but not least, photography isn't allowed at this archive.  Many records have also been taken out of circulation and are no longer available to the public due to the deteriorating state of the documents/books.  I believe that if Puerto Ricans in general believe in preserving their history, then we should all DEMAND that records be digitized and made available to the public. Once the records are gone so is the amazing history our ancestors once told; their memory should be held with more value.

There were two genealogist/researchers that did a daunting project (Feliciano Barragan Landa and Teresa Gracia Ruiz) by visiting this archive and others on the island and shared their findings in anarticle the wrote, cited and shared. I can't thank them enough as many of my great grandparents can be found on their list as well as within their article. They also save me and countless others of spending years finding all of this information.

This article unfortunately is no longer in print, however you can request for a copy of it by submitting a request to the Sociedad Genealogia de Puerto Rico; note that you will have to pay for the article. The article provided details of where church books are not available for the time period. It helped close the gap where no records could be found other than being mentioned as parents in baptisms, marriages and death and as grandparents in baptism and from Civil Registrations records starting in 1885.. 

One of the good aspects of this archive is that they have wills (testamentos) on file that cover the 1800's that lawyers drew up for their clients. No one knows what happened to the records prior to that. We are lucky to see many of the wills for the Trujillo Alto and Trujillo Bajo region available. A great article if you're serious in knowing your ancestors!
Unfortunately the church (Parroquia Exaltacion de la Santa Cruz) caught fire in the early 1800's and the baptism books for white citizens and portion of the books for free blacks and slaves were destroyed. Spain also had rules about the church books.  Two books needed to be kept; one for whites and a book for blacks, slaves, and pardos back in the late 1700's to mid 1800's. A portion of the Book 1 of Baptisms for free blacks and slaves survived the fire. You can click here to see what the church looks like today.

The Mormon's were able to take photo images back in the 1990's of many of these books and what was currently available can be found either online via or by visiting the Archivo Histórico de la Arquidiócesis de San Juan. The exception is that they do not have copies of all the Defunciones (Death) books or Book 1 for slaves and Book 1 of marriages for Trujillo Alto's church.  With the help of fellow genealogists, I was able to attain dates or information from the books that were not filmed to piece together my tree. 

Now that I've explained this piece, we can now move onto who I want to discuss, Maria del Rosario Betancourt Falcon.  Per my genealogy family tree software; she is my 5th great grand aunt.  Her husband, Pedro Juan Mangual Falcon is also my 5th great grand uncle twice and so is she.  This is because Pedro Juan's sister Maria del Rosario Manual Falcon is my 5th great grandmother as she married Rafael Betancourt Falcon who I descend from and many with the last name of Betancourt in this region.

I was also able to piece these couples together by using the census records that are available via  I spent many of my evenings in the past looking through microfilms researching these lines along side many genealogist in the region.  Pedro Joseph and Maria del Rosario Mangual Falcon parents are Juan Mangual Borras and Casimira Falcon Lin (yes Antonia's sister).  This is where my blog post about kissing cousins comes in and many times over throughout this tree. Realize that the Americas where not as heavily populated as it is today. There were but so many people in the world back then.

Juan Mangual Borras wasn't from Puerto Rico but from Palma de Mallorca, Isla Baleares, Spain. So yes here is another Spaniard who has become part of this tree. He married Casimira Falcon Lin on April 29, 1771 (See San Juan's Catherdral book 3 for white marriages, Folio 160 vuelto).  I also found that he died in San Juan on November 12, 1811. From this marriage there were a total of 8 children I could find.

I was able to locate 7 children for Pedro Joseph Mangual Falcon and Maria del Rosario Betancourt Falcon.  I found that Pedro was born in Rio Piedras on September 3, 1774.  His wife passed away on December 24, 1864.  Their children were as follows.  Although I don't descend from these cousins (1st cousins, 6 times removed) I documented them just in case they wind up on another line on my tree or one of my distant cousins lines:

Pedro Joseph Mangual Falcon's & Maria del Rosario Betancourt Falcon's children
I'm editing this blog post as I realized I left off a few things about his family.Pedro Joseph passed away sometime in 1852 or prior as there is a will that was drawn was on Sept 16, 1852 and it stated that she was a widow. In addition it stated that they have 7 children (which I show above), they also own 45 cuerdas with a home in Barrasa which is in Carolina today. There two executors to the estate, his 2 sons; Ramon and Manuel.  Below is the death record for Maria del Rosario. At the time of this post I couldn't determine if I had a death record for Pedro Joseph. I don't believe I do as the church book covering this era was not filmed. So for Maria del Rosario Betancourt Falcon, I found her in the Church Book of Death for period 1861 - 1867 on page 82.

Maria del Rosario Betancourt Falcon

 I also have records on her children but I will leave those for another day for another post!

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  1. Thank you for this information and all your hard work. I have several questions regarding this family, and I was hoping maybe you could help. 1) I have found baptismal records for Pedro Mangual and his brother Juan Antonio Mangual. Based on the name only, I had assumed Juan Antonio was Ma. del Rosaio's husband. Can you tell me where your information comes from that Pedro is actually Pedro Juan? I do know it was quite common to go by one's middle name. Did Pedro go by the name "Juan" and Juan by the name "Antonio"? 2) Ma. del Rosario's death record lists her mother as Anastasia. Was this an error? What is your source(s) for her mother being Antonia? 3) I have seen some trees on Ancestry which have Casimira Falcon's husband as Baltazar Juan Mangual, but as best I could discern the word "Baltazar" comes from a extraneous note written along the side margin on the page containing their marriage record, pertaining to another marriage. For this reason, I have recorded his name as "Juan Mangual." However I see you have his name as "Juan Baltazar." Can you tell me what your source is for the Baltazar? Finally, do you plan on posting more about the will(s) you mention? I would love to read it if you do!

  2. Vicki, the name Pedro Juan should actually read as Pedro Joseph; a typo on my part. Go back to his baptism record and it is on the record; Joseph is abbreviated which was customary. As for Maria del Rosario, yes that was an error in the name; a major error as her mother was indeed Antonia. As for Juan Mangual, yes that is correct, Baltazar is not part of his name, I meant to update this page which I will do as soon as I finish posting this note. As for the wills, no I not be posting. However for this couple their will was filed on Sept 16th, 1852. You will have to visit the archivos in San Juan to view their will.

  3. Thank you so much for your kind and informative reply! Joseph. Ok, yes, That makes since. I will add the second name to Pedro's record. And change Anastasia to Antonia. This isn't the first and I'm sure won't be the last time I come across mistakes like this in the records. Especially death records. If I hadn't come to your blog I never would have known to correct that mistake. I have been to the archives to view their Baptism and Death records, but I was completely unaware that they also have wills. Looks like I have another field trip ahead. Thanks again, and Merry Christmas.

    1. You're most welcome! Yes they will not allow you to make copies of the wills. However there are quite a few wills on our ancestors in the Archivo General in San Juan. I know that you have to request boxes and then wait 2 to 3 days to gain access to them. So be prepared to go there, put in request and then come back. Also take a sweater with you, they will freeze you to death. Here is the link to the archives...

  4. We are related via Miguel Mangual Falcon (Juncos) + Maria Sotelo Flores (Juncos) -


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